This implementation objective is addressing a surveillance system that exploits the similarities between the two surveillance techniques (ADS-B and WAM) and combines them into a single system. The term composite is used to signify that various system components and data items are shared whilst ensuring that the required degree of channel autonomy/independence is retained. ADS-B information received by WAM system is evaluated and if matching with WAM information extracted by others methods, then it´s used in the WAM output. Information is then periodically re-evaluated.
The exploitation of synergies between the two surveillance techniques into a “composite surveillance system” supports a number of benefits and performance enhancements, compared with the use of 2 separated systems, WAM and ADS-B. These include:
• cost savings, achieved through the co-mounting of system components into a single unit and the associated savings in terms of site costs, communications and efficient utilization of certain common components
• Use of ADS-B message information to support passive acquisition of an aircraft, reducing the 1030/1090 MHz footprint of a WAM surveillance system, especially a reduction in the number of 1030 MHz interrogations.
• cost effective security mitigation techniques, based on the use of additional ‘raw’ RF and timing data (not available in other components of a surveillance infrastructure), which can be used to derive additional indicators, such as Ground based ‘confidence/credibility’ measure enabling e.g. the early identification of anomalous avionic behaviour, or spoofed ‘ADS-B transmissions’.
• Means for performance monitoring and alerting of faults in the system, by supplementing the WAM channels BITE with the comparison between the ADS-B position and WAM channel data as a way to detect failure conditions.
• Improvement of the performance of the ADS-B channel, e.g. by enabling the allowance of temporary reductions in ADS-B quality indicator values, by resolving ADS-B data-to-track association issues related to non-unique 24-bit addresses, by reducing the effects on the resulting along-track horizontal position error.
NOTE 1: The aircraft systems are assumed compliant with the EU Regulation 1207/2011 (Surveillance Performance and Interoperability Implementing Rule - SPI IR) as amended..
NOTE 2: This objective should be seen as a possible mean of compliance with the applicable Regulations. It is without prejudice to the choice of the ANSPs to deploy the most appropriate surveillance solution taking into account the local conditions.
NOTE FOR MILITARY AUTHORITIES: It is the responsibility of each military authority to review this Objective IN ITS ENTIRETY and address each of the SLoAs that the military authority considers RELEVANT for itself. This has to be done on top and above of the review of "MIL" SLoAs which identify actions EXCLUSIVE to military authorities.
|IOC used for Analytics functioning only - not for implementation planning||15-09-2020||—||Applicability Area|
|FOC used for Analytics functioning only - not for implementation planning||—||31-12-2030||Applicability Area|
|CTE-S03a||ADS-B station for NRA surveillance||31-12-2008|
|CTE-S03b||ADS-B station for RAD and APT surveillance||31-12-2020|
|CTE-S04a||Wide Area Multilateration (WAM)||31-12-2007|
|CTE-S05||Gradual rationalisation of conventional surveillance infrastructure (ADS-B/WAM vs SSR and MSPSR vs PSR)||12-09-2018|
EASA - CS ACNS - Certification Specifications for Airborne Communications Navigation and Surveillance - Issue 3 / 05/2021
EC - COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2017/373 - (OJ L 62, 8.03.2017, p. 1) - COMMISSION IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2017/373 of 1 March 2017 laying down common requirements for providers of air traffic management/air navigation services and other air traffic management network functions and their oversight, repealing Regulation (EC) No 482/2008, Implementing Regulations (EU) No 1034/2011, (EU) No 1035/2011 and (EU) 2016/1377 and amending Regulation (EU) No 677/2011 10/2011
EUROCAE - ED-129B - EUROCAE Technical Specifications for ADS-B Ground system (ED-129B)
EUROCAE - ED-142A - EUROCAE Technical Specification for Wide Area Multilateration (WAM) systems (ED142A)
EUROCONTROL - Air Navigation Systems Safety Assessment Methodology (SAM) - Version 2.1 / 11/2006
ICAO - Doc 9871 - Technical Provisions for Mode S Services and Extended Squitter - Advanced Edition / 04/2012
SJU - SESAR Solution 114: Data Pack for Composite surveillance (ADS-B/WAM) Data Pack